One of the best-known landmarks of Germany,
the beautiful Brandenburg gate was built during the late 18th century.
it marks the start of the road from Berlin to the town of Brandenburg an der Havel: There for its name.
The gate is the monumental entry to “Unter den Linden”,
the renowned boulevard of linden trees,
which led directly to the royal City Palace of the Prussian monarchs.
The gate was commissioned by Friedrich Wilhelm II, king of Prussia, to represent peace.
On top of it, the Quadriga (a four horses chariot) of the goddess “Victoria”,
blesses the city with peace and prosperity.
In 1806, after defeating the Prussian army, Napoleon took the Quadriga to Paris as a symbol of victory over Prussia.
But 8 years later,
In 1814, the Quadriga was restored to Berlin, after Napoleon’s defeat and the Prussian occupation of Paris.
That’s also why the square in front of the gate called “Pariser Platz“!
The famous Jewish painter, Max Liebermann, was living in Pariser Platz during the 1930’s. While watching the Nazis celebrate their victory by marching through the Brandenburg Gate, Liebermann said:
“I could not possibly eat as much as I would like to throw up.”
The gate survived World War II but was badly damaged,
And only one horse’s head from the original quadriga survived.
Today in Pariser platz, you can see the 3 Embassies of the allied forces who won WWII.
USA, France, and United Kingdom.
The famous luxury hotel Adlon, is a new building with a design inspired by the original hotel that stood here before its distraction in WWII.
Take a moment to relax and have a drink in Unter Den Linden and watch the beautiful gate before crossing to the other side.
There you can find the great Tiergarten, the “central park” of Berlin.
Originally the hunting ground of the electors of Brandenburg, it is one of the most beloved parks in Berlin today.
Find your way to the “Memorial to the Sinti and Roma Victims of National Socialism”
The monument is dedicated to the memory of the 500,000 people murdered by the Nazis. It was design by Israeli sculptor Dani Karavan.
In the middle of the dark pool, the triangular stone represents the badges that had to be worn by concentration camp prisoners. And a fresh flower is placed upon it every morning.
Also, in Tiergargen, you can find The Soviet War Memorial.
The memorial commemorates the 80,000 soldiers of the Red Army who died during the Battle of Berlin in WWII.
You can also see two ML-20 artillery pieces and two T-34 tanks that has been in use by the Red Army.
Continue walking in the beautiful tiergarten until you reach the Siegessäule, the victory column.
Built in 1873, the victory column commemorates the unification wars of Germany that took place in the 19th century.
the stunning golden statue of the victory goddess on top of it, is one of the most impressive statues all over Berlin.
Originally the column stood in front of the Reichstag, but in 1939 the Nazis relocated the column to its present site and added another 7.5-meter-long segment. All part of Hitler’s plan to transform berlin to be the capital city of the world. A city named “Germania”.
If you so choose to clime the spiral staircase of 285 steps, you will see a magnificent view of the park and the city around you.
A true sight to behold.